What are lipids?
Lipids, or lipoproteins, are commonly called as fats. The word ‘Fats’ is a much derided word and people do not know that even these are essential for our body. Fats are not always bad and the bad one has to be differentiated from the good one. However, whether bad or good, these have to be at their normal levels and must not be excessive. In order to determine their levels, a blood test in fasting state is conducted. This test is called the lipid profile test. This test provides the counts of the following:
- Total cholesterol
- LDL cholesterol
- VLDL cholesterol
- HDL cholesterol
Following chart summarises the different types of lipids:
These tests are carried out as a part of the whole body check up package offered by diagnostic labs. These can also be carried out individually if the doctor believes that there is a need to determine the cholesterol levels. This is especially the case when the patient is obese, is in high stress levels, is diabetic and has symptoms of arterial blockage.
How can a normal person have good lipid profile?
For a normal person to have an appropriate lipid profile, it is suggested to have a balanced normal diet incorporating a lot of green vegetables, less non-vegetarian red meat food, skimmed milk, less oily items and fibrous food items. It is also important to have a regular exercise regimen. Further, stress levels can also lead to high levels of cholesterol. Therefore, adequate sleep, meditation and avoidance of stressful environments is also suggested.